Gender Diversity Dashboard

Visit the Race/Ethnicity Diversity Dashboard

We have pulled together a few recent pieces of data to look at the state of diversity in engineering. This "diversity in pictures" dashboard is specific to gender diversity. You can also look at our Race/Ethnicity Diversity Dashboard in Engineering and entrepreneurship, and don't forget to visit our main Research page as well!

Neutralarrow One leading indicator of the pipeline of potential women engineers is the number of girls taking AP tests in computer science. The absolute number of AP test takers of both genders is up, but proportion of female test takers is flat over the past 15 years at around 20%.
Apcstesttakers3
Apcstesttackerspercent

Source: College Board (2013)


Downarrow A second indicator of the pipeline is the number of female engineering graduates, which has slipped from 21% in 2003 to just 18% in 2010. However, the proportion of women doctoral candidates in Engineering and tenure-track faculty is rising, potentially indicating that the women that do pursue Engineering disciplines are also more likely to pursue further academic accomplishment
Bsallengineering
Mastersengineering

Doctoralengineering
Engineeringfaculty

Source: American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) (2011)


21uparrow Looking past the pipeline to how women are succeeding as engineers, we looked at how women are doing in both receiving and giving angel funding. The proportion of woman-led businesses seeking funding is small, but their rate of being funded is actually somewhat higher than non-woman-led ventures. The proportion of female angel investors is rising, although still quite low at 21.8%.
Angelfunding
Femaleangelinvestors

Source: Center for Venture Research (2013)


18uparrow We also looked at patents. Women hold a small proportion of the pool of existing patents. However, based on patent applications newly approved per year, it is clear that women are increasingly receiving patents. While they only hold 5.5% of all existing commercial patents, women received 18% of patents approved in 2010, double the portion that they received in 1990.
Patentpiecharts
Patentsperyear

Source: National Women's Business Council (2012)


4pt6pct Finally, we looked at the composition of Fortune 500 CEOs, to see how it compares to overall US demographics.
Uscensusgender
F500gender

Source: Diversity Inc. (2014)